Adelaide is the capital and largest city of the state of South Australia and the fifth largest city in the country, with a population of 1,138,800 (2006). The city is located on the shores of St Vincent’s Bay, on the Adelaide Plains, north of the Fleurieu Peninsula, at the foot of the Mount Lofty Range. Area: 1,826.9 km². Coordinates: 34°56′00″ S. 138°35′00″ E. Time zone: UTC+9.30, summer UTC+10.3. Phone code: +61 8. Postal Code: SA 5000.
Map of Adelaide
History of Adelaide
Before the arrival of the British, the city was inhabited by the Kaurna Aboriginal tribes. But the Europeans displaced the indigenous population of these lands. In 1823, Adelaide was the center of the colony, guaranteeing religious freedom. In 1838 the city’s economy began to grow thanks to imported cattle from New South Wales.
In 1853 trade links were established with other cities on the continent. The year 1867 marked the city with the advent of gas street lighting. In 1909, electric streetcars were introduced.
During World War II, shipbuilding developed in the city. With the end of the war, Adelaide’s manufacturing capabilities were used to their full potential. From the 1970s, there was a strong focus on cultural development.
The city’s main industries are defence, research, manufacturing and services. Adelaide is home to Holden and Mitsubishi car plants, electronics factories and medical equipment manufacturers. The city is home to such major companies as oil company Santos in Australia, the Coopers Brewing Company, the Harris Scarfe chain of stores, the Argo Investments Limited, the News Corporation media concern. The famous Collins submarines are developed in Adelaide.
Adelaide is also an important transportation hub, connecting the eastern and western regions. Trams, buses and commuter trains provide transportation within the city. In the western part of Adelaide is an international airport.
A well-known attraction in the city is the Tannania Aboriginal Cultural Studies Center. This place provides an opportunity to experience the diversity of art and culture in general of the continent’s indigenous people. Being founded in 1989, the center is the oldest place where only contemporary Aboriginal people work.
The South Australian Art Gallery is South Australia’s premier cultural institution. It houses a collection with over 35,000 works on display. The gallery features Australian, European and Asian art.
The botanical garden (1857) is considered Adelaide’s most beautiful place. Among others, this garden stands out for its special architecture. “The Palm House” is a Victorian-style greenhouse, imported in 1875 from Bremen.
The second oldest zoo in Australia is the Adelaide Zoo (1883). It is home to about 3,400 individuals, 300 species. Particular attention should be paid to such rare animals as the Sumatran tiger and gorillas. On the territory of the zoo is the Elephant House, which is included in the list of Australian heritage.
Entertainment lovers should visit the Adelaide Casino, which is the only one in South Australia. Here you can play blackjack, roulette, craps, baccarat and Caribbean clove poker.
The National Winery Center of Australia is popular. Its interactive exhibition will acquaint you with the technology of wine making and its history. The center features about 10 thousand varieties of wine, which you can taste during tastings.