Australia’s 30 Main Lakes

Australia is a separate continent, and its natural sites are all the more interesting. The local beauties have suffered less from human activity over the centuries. This is due to the later development of the continent. The closed ecosystem was not without the artificial addition of flora and fauna from all over the world. But it has managed to retain its characteristics.

Australia’s lakes are popular tourist attractions. Among them there are real unicoms, like Hiller, whose water has a pink color, and scientists have not yet found an explanation for it. Gippsland’s water network is no less remarkable: a small strip of land separates the lakes from the ocean. There are hiking trails around many of the bodies of water.

Australia’s largest lakes

A list of the most beautiful and largest lakes in the country.

Lake Eyre

The largest lake of the continent. It is located closer to the center of the country.

It has an area of 9,500 km² and an average depth of about 1.5 meters. It is undrained, and the Diamantina River, the only river that flows into it, feeds the Eyre irregularly.

For this reason, it periodically dries up and exposes the bottom, covered with a layer of salt.
Once the water returns and rises to the right level, pelicans fly in. This phenomenon attracts tourists.

Lake Eyre
Lake Eyre

Lake Hillier

Pink Lake of the Recherch Archipelago. The area is within 15 hectares. The shoreline is white sand, and around it are eucalyptus forests and a few dozens of meters to the Pacific Ocean.

The only inhabitants of Hiller are microorganisms. Despite its high salt content, the lake is safe for swimming. However, it is not easily accessible. The main means of transportation in the area is planes.

Lake Hillier
Lake Hillier

Lake McKenzie

The cleanest lake on the planet. Refers to the territory of Fraser Island.

Area – 150 hectares, average depth – 5 meters. Groundwater does not reach it because of its height above sea level, so the food comes from precipitation.

Narrow coastal strip – a sandy natural beach. Farther out, the virgin forests begin. As there are more and more tourists in the area, camping sites have been organized and bio-toilets installed.

Lake McKenzie
Lake McKenzie

Lake Dove

The lake is located on the highlands of the island of Tasmania. The area is part of a national park and is also protected by UNESCO.

The area is less than 1 km². At 8 km from Dove is a tourist center. There is also a parking lot and a stop for the shuttle bus.

In the surrounding area there are many hiking trails. Some are walking and take a couple of hours, while others are suitable for those who love hiking and have resting places.

Lake Dove
Lake Dove

Lake St Clair (Tasmania)

Australia’s deepest lake. It is located on the territory of Tasmania. Area – 30 km², the depth reaches 174 meters.

St. Clair is the final point of the Overland Track, a 70-kilometer popular hiking trail.

The lake is rich in fish. Mika, galaxies, and kujma are found. Sport fishing tournaments are held and there are many amateur fishermen on the shore almost all year round.

Lake St Clair (Tasmania)
Lake St Clair (Tasmania)

Lake Gippsland

The water network consists of lakes, lagoons and marshes. It is located in the state of Victoria.

Gippsland stretches along the ocean coast for 70 km, and the width varies in some areas, but does not exceed 10 km. The area is just over 600 km².

On the coastline, there are small towns, entirely confined to the tourist industry. There are large islands. One of them, called Raymond, is home to a large population of koalas.

Lake Gippsland
Lake Gippsland

Lake Argyle

It is located in Western Australia. The second largest artificial lake in the country.

Its area is 703 km². Water from here is used for irrigation of farmland. Of the inhabitants of Argyle are of particular tourist interest crocodiles. The population is estimated at 25 thousand.

There are fish, but not many people want to spend time with fishing rods in the neighborhood of such dangerous predators.

Lake Argyle
Lake Argyle

Blue Lake

Located in South Australia near the town of Mount Gambier. The mountain of the same name is one of the important tourist attractions in the region.

The blue lake changes color depending on the season. In winter, it becomes gray-green, and in summer – the deep blue. Its area is 70 hectares, the maximum depth is 77 meters.

On one of the shores is a memorial sign in honor of the “Gordon’s leap” – a record associated with horseback riding.

Blue Lake
Blue Lake

Lake Torrens

The lake is part of South Australia National Park. To enter its territory, you need to get a permit.

The maximum depth is 8 meters, the area of Torrens is almost 5,700 km². These figures are conditional, as the lake bowl is not completely filled with water.

There are rare species of birds in the area. There are endemics and specially protected populations. For example, the subspecies of red-breasted plovers and thrushes.

Lake Torrens
Lake Torrens

Lake Alexandrina

Another pronunciation of the name is Alexandrina.

The lake was named in honor of the niece of King William IV of Great Britain – the future Queen Victoria. Area – 649 km², maximum depth – 5 meters.

Located in the vicinity of the Indian Ocean. Through a channel into it penetrates the salt water, but the streams do not mix, and the lake remains fresh. Fauna – rare bird species, including the Australian bittern.

Lake Alexandrina
Lake Alexandrina

Lake Anbangbang Billabong

A lake of a special type, as indicated by its name. A billabong is a standing body of water connected to a flowing body of water.

Usually such an anomaly occurs when there is a change in the bed of a hand, or something similar. Swampy areas are covered with dense vegetation.

Such conditions are favorable for birds, of which the lake has many. Mangrove forests grow around it. There is a hiking trail length of several kilometers.

Lake Anbangbang-Billabong
Lake Anbangbang Billabong

Lake Gairdner

The third largest salt lake in the country is located in the south of the continent.

It is part of the national park of the same name. It has no runoff, and the streams that feed it periodically dry up.

Thick layers of salt deposits are visible to the naked eye in some areas. The famous “Speed Week” races are held in the vicinity: the terrain allows for high speeds.

Lake Gairdner
Lake Gairdner

Lake Mackay

It is considered the largest of the ephemeral lakes of Western Australia.

Its area is 3,494 km². It is surrounded by desert territories. The surface of its bed is heterogeneous. For this reason, the lake dries up, forming islands. The eastern half of the reservoir turns into a sieve.

It looks especially picturesque on the photo from a bird’s-eye view. Aborigines have given the phenomenon mythical meanings.

Lake Mackay
Lake Mackay

Lake Burley Griffin

The lake was artificially created in the capital of Australia in 1964.

The area is 6.64 km², the maximum depth is 18 meters. The lake was named after the American architect who was responsible for the project. However, the original ideas of the author have been changed.

The lake is crossed by two large bridges. On the shore there are gardens and parks, monuments, a festival of flowers, sailing and rowing is possible.

Lake Burley Griffin
Lake Burley Griffin

Lake Disappointment

A salt lake of Western Australia.

The area is 330 km². Reaches its maximum size rarely, for some time each year dries up.

The translation of the name is “disappointment.” It was given to the body of water in 1897 by Frank Hann. When he found the streams, he hoped to find a large, full-flowing lake, but he found Disappointment.

As soon as the water arrives, waterfowl appear on the lake, some not migrating even during droughts.

Lake Disappointment
Lake Disappointment

Hutt Lagoon

Another pink lake of the continent is located in Western Australia. This color of the water is due to the growth of certain types of algae in it.

The lake is salty and separated from the ocean by a natural sandy beach and dunes.
Part of the lake is used to grow algae on an industrial scale.

They are used to produce natural dyes. Salt deposits are seasonal.

Hutt Lagoon
Hutt Lagoon

Lake Amadeus

The water body is named after the Spanish king.

It occupies an area of 880 km² in the central part of the mainland. The lake is salty and has little or no water most of the year.
Salt deposits, as well as its proven reserves are a lot, but mining has never been carried out.

The reason is the remoteness of large roads and markets. Nearby is Urulu, one of Australia’s important landmarks.

Lake Amadeus
Lake Amadeus

Lake Bonney Riverland

A lake in South Australia, one of the largest among freshwater lakes.

The average depth is 1.5 meters. It is considered polluted because there was a pulp and paper mill nearby, which discharged its wastewater here. There is another lake with the same name on the continent.

It is located in the same state on the Murray River. It is a popular place for sailing and water skiing.

Lake Bonney Riverland
Lake Bonney Riverland

Lake Frome

A drainless lake, covered part of the year with a crust of salt, is located near the Flinders Ridge.

Its area is 2,596 km². It adjoins a national park and most of it is below sea level, which affects its nutrition.

In 1991, the area next to it and Frome itself was designated a National Wildlife Refuge. Different types and landforms are concentrated around it, from deserts to uplands.

Lake Frome
Lake Frome

Lake Cootapatamba

The most alpine lake in the country. It is located in the Australian Alps.

It is part of the Kosciuszko National Park Translation of the name – “the place where the eagle drinks. The depth is about 5 meters.

A great view of the lake opens from the nearby pass. There are also hiking trails for hiking. The area can not be called difficult to pass, but the minimum training for its research travelers need.

Lake Cootapatamba
Lake Cootapatamba

Lake Eacham

The lake is of the volcanic type and is located in Queensland. Its area is 0.52 km². With such a modest size, the maximum depth is 66 meters.

The lake is fed by underground springs. The water level varies from season to season.

The peculiarity of fauna is the great number of birds – about 180 species and 25 species of bats. The fishes that used to live here originally have disappeared. They were exterminated by congeners brought by people.

Lake Eacham
Lake Eacham

Lake Barrine

Freshwater Lake is located on the Atherton Plateau. It is the largest volcanic lake in the region.

Tourists are organized not only walking tours, but also cruises on the lake.

It is forbidden to pitch tents or visit the area with pets. Bird watching is popular and bird counts are kept.

The rainforest growth along Barrine’s perimeter contributes to a special ecosystem.

Lake Barrine
Lake Barrine

Lake Burbury

Artificial lake of the island of Tasmania. Area – 49 km².

It was formed in the 80s and 90s of the last century after the construction of a dam. It is named after one of the governors of the region.

Special tours for fishing are organized on the lake. Sport fishing competitions are held. The species of fish are traditional for Australia, but the number and nibble are impressive even for experienced fishermen.

Lake Burbury
Lake Burbury

Lake Cootharaba

Refers to the Great Sandy National Park in Queensland. Shallow marshes can be found on the north and south sides of the lake.

Cootharaba is suitable for sailing regattas. It’s a great place for fishing. Tourists come for canoeing and outdoor activities. There is a popular camping site nearby.

Sandy beach and shallow water make the area suitable for visiting with children.

Lake Cootharaba
Lake Cootharaba

Lake Thetis

A shallow lake in the state of Western Australia. Its shoreline is just over a kilometer long. It is closely adjoined by a road. There is a hiking route around it.

It allows you not only to bypass the entire body of water, but also to examine the nearby natural attractions.

The peculiarity of the area are marine stromatolites, which are located close to each other. Measures for their preservation are being taken.

Lake Thetis
Lake Thetis

Lake Gordon

The reservoir was created on the river of the same name in the 1970s.

The area is 278 km², making it the largest in Tasmania. The construction of the dam has caused controversy internationally and confrontation with UNESCO.

Changes in water levels are sensitive for the island, since Gordon is an important part of the energy system. Environmental concerns are pushing authorities to change the project.

Lake Gordon
Lake Gordon

Great Lake

It occupies the central part of Tasmania. The area is 170 km². In the past the lake was natural, but it was artificially enlarged by building a dam.

A canal was also built to connect it to the Uz River. Great Lake attracts fishermen to the island. And some species of fish brought here about 150 years ago, and they are well adapted.

It’s easy to get to Great Lake because there’s an off-ramp from the main highway.

Great Lake
Great Lake

Lake Mungo

Dry Lake is located in New South Wales. There are 18 other bodies of water of this type in the county.

The area is 135 km². This area became a national reserve in 1981, and the lake is its main attraction.

Archeological excavations have been repeatedly conducted here. The human skeletons found have been named “Miss Mungo” and “Mr. Mungo.”

These are the oldest remains on the continent.

Lake Mungo
Lake Mungo

Lake Pedder

In the past, there was a lake of natural origin on the island of Tasmania.

In 1972, after the construction of three dams, a much larger area was flooded and it became a reservoir. You can also meet another name – Huon Serpentine – after the nearby rivers.

Area – 239 km², maximum depth – 43 meters. It is part of South West National Park.

Lake Pedder
Lake Pedder

Brown Lake (Bummel)

Located on North Stradbroke Island. The name translates as “brown.

This is the color of the water because of the tea tree leaves falling into the water. The coast is densely covered with vegetation.

The sandy strip is narrow and snow-white. The lake is of great importance to the natives. It is enshrined in law that local women manage the resources of Brown Lake and are responsible for it.

Brown Lake (Bummel)
Brown Lake (Bummel)

✅The largest lake in Australia

Air The largest lake of the continent. It is located closer to the center of the country. It has an area of 9,500 km² and an average depth of about 1.5 meters.

✅The most beautiful lake in Australia

Lake Hillier – the world’s most mysterious pink lake
There are many different wonders in the world that can surprise even the most sophisticated readers and travelers. One such place is Lake Hiller. It is a very beautiful natural phenomenon that is located near the west coast of mainland Australia on Middle Island.

✅Where do crocodiles live in Australia?

The freshwater crocodile inhabits the northern regions of Australia: Western Australia, Queensland, and the Northern Territory. It prefers fresh water bodies – rivers, lakes and marshes.
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