Detailed information about the landmark. Description, pictures and map with the nearest significant objects. The name in English is Kuranda.
Photo and description
Kuranda is a small town surrounded by rain forest on the Atherton Plateau, 25 km from Cairns. It has a population of only 650 people.
For more than 10,000 years this area has been home to the Aboriginal Djabugay tribe. Even today you can visit their village and watch the indigenous Australians sing and dance, see how they make fire with friction, and learn to throw spears and boomerangs yourself.
The first Europeans arrived here only in the 19th century. The area where Kuranda is now located was settled by “whites” in 1885 and thoroughly explored in 1888 by Thomas Behan. Construction of the famous railroad from Cairns to Mayola, and later to Herberton, began in 1887, and as early as 1891 the road passed through Kuranda. The present railroad station building was built in 1915.
History of the Kuranda in Australia
In the early 20th century, coffee was grown on the plantations surrounding Kuranda, but then logging became the city’s main industry for many years.
In the 1960s, a hydroelectric power plant was built in the Barron Gorge.
Throughout the 1960s and ’70s, Kuranda was a popular destination for Australian hippies and eco-lovers, and today the town is a thriving tourist destination.
Thousands of tourists each week commute here from Cairns on the scenic ancient railroad, which winds through tunnels and gorges past waterfalls and dizzying cliffs. Another way to Kuranda is via the Skyrail cable car.
Kuranda is home to Queensland’s only zoo in northern Queensland, which is home to big cats and ungulates. There is also a bird park, a butterfly sanctuary, a bat rehabilitation center and a sanctuary that is home to koalas.
Also in Kuranda you can visit the many artisan and artist shops selling handmade souvenirs. In the past there was also an unusual dance theater of the local Tjapukai tribe (Tjapukai), today it is located in the nearby town of Karavonika.
As mentioned before, the rain forest surrounds Kurnada with amazing wildlife, which you can observe by following one of the many hiking trails, or from viewing platforms, such as the Barron Falls.