Museum (from the Greek μουσεῖον – House of Muses) is an institution engaged in the collection, study, storage and exhibition of objects – monuments of natural history, material and spiritual culture, as well as educational and promotional activities.
At first, this notion meant a collection of objects (exhibits) on art and science, then, since the 18th century, it includes also the building where the exhibits are housed. From the nineteenth century joined the research work done in museums. And since the sixties of the twentieth century, the pedagogical activities of museums (special projects for children, teenagers and adults) began.
With the development of computer technology and the Internet, virtual museums also appeared.
In 1946, ICOM (International Council of Museums) was created to support and develop museums. This organization consists of over 27,500 members from 115 countries of the world and works closely with UNESCO and other international organizations.
ICOM meets every three years in one of its member countries.