Mexico is a colorful mix of Spanish, Indian and Caribbean cultures. Rest on the best beaches of Cancun and Riviera Maya, ancient monuments of mysterious civilizations and diving on the island of Cozumel, tequila, good food and fiery disco – all about Mexico: tours, prices, hotels.
Imagine standing in a tropical rainforest, watching the Mayan hieroglyphs on the walls of the Palenque temples to the cries of colorful parrots.
Or paddling out into the surf with your surfboard, the surf lapping great turquoise waves and the bright white beaches behind you. Or scuba dive into an underwater cave surrounded by fish, as if painted in bright gouache.
Or you can dance till sunrise and fall in the world’s best discos Acapulco! And in between – try to try at least part of the 300 local varieties of tequila – and without all the fancy salt and limes, but as the hardcore Mexican farmers – with tomato juice, generously seasoned with chilies.
Which, in case the pepper isn’t enough – snack on any of the local treats that make your mouth burn. That’s what Mexico is all about – the colors, the other sensations and tastes here are remarkable, juicy, pure, just enough time to enjoy.
Perhaps the only drawback of tours to Mexico – a long flight. Otherwise, the country is perfect.
- 1 Resorts and Regions of Mexico
- 2 Climate
- 3 Customs and Visa
- 4 Transport
- 5 Public transport in cities
- 6 Communications and Wi-Fi
- 7 Hotels in Mexico
- 8 Money
- 9 Safety
- 10 Beaches of Mexico
- 11 Diving
- 12 Surfing
- 13 Mexican Restaurants and Cuisine
- 14 Attractions and Entertainment
- 15 Events and Holidays
Resorts and Regions of Mexico
The capital, Mexico City, is one of the largest cities in the world, surrounded by volcanoes and impregnable mountains. The old Aztec city, once a beauty on the ground, wiped out by Spanish colonizers, but the ruins of Tenochtitlan and the halls of Templo Mayor still hold secrets covered with the dust of centuries. The modern center of Mexico City is the baroque Plaza de la Constitución, Alameda Park, Paseo de la Reforma Avenue, Garibaldi Square and other spectacular locations.
But the outskirts of Mexico City, especially the infamous Tepito neighborhood, are not the best place for idle strolls.
Guadalajara, which is second in size only to the capital, is called the “City of Roses” for its abundance of beautiful gardens and parks. That’s why the canons of mariachi music, Mexico’s main sound symbol, were born here. Sightseeing is concentrated in the Center, expensive hotels and restaurants are in the western neighborhoods, and the most unique souvenir shops are in the suburbs of Tlaquepaque and Tonala.
Monterrey – a big economic center, which imitates the U.S.: live here not poorly, modern craftsmanship is valued more than ethnicity. Colorful Spanish architecture can be admired only in the fashionable Pink Territory, but the surrounding nature – mountains, deserts and canyons – above all praise.
Puebla huddles between four volcanoes, the highest of which reaches 5747 m. Impressive cathedrals, museums, markets – there is plenty to see in the UNESCO-protected city.
Merida is the heart of the Yucatan Peninsula, the starting point of fascinating trips to ancient Mayan cities and the shores of the Gulf of Mexico.
The most popular resorts on the Caribbean coast are Cancun with gorgeous beaches, shopping centers and spa centers, and the Riviera Maya with perfect conditions for home holidays.
On the Pacific coast tourists are attracted by bustling Acapulco with nightclubs, restaurants and casinos, elite Los Cabos with unsurpassed opportunities for outdoor activities, and comfortable Puerto Vallarta with developed authentic building and beach infrastructure.
The climate is subtropical in the north and tropical in the south. In the resort coastal areas (Acapulco, Cancun) the temperature is +26 ° C in winter and +35 ° C in summer. The country distinguishes between dry (November-April) and wet (June-September) seasons, which differ not by temperature but by the amount of precipitation and especially by humidity. August through early October is considered a time when hurricanes are likely to strike.
Also, Mexico is characterized by high altitude temperature differences: while on the coast of the summer heat, in the highland towns of Maya is very cool – about +15 ° C. In addition, the country is sometimes shaken by hurricanes, their impact is more susceptible to the Caribbean coast.
Customs and Visa
It is possible to get an electronic Mexican visa. To do this you need to fill out a special form on the website of the National University of Migration and pick up a document with a unique code that must be printed out and give the company, taking a ticket for a flight to Mexico. Medical insurance is not required at the border crossing, but you do not need to fly into the country without it.
Importation of foreign currency is not limited (declaration required), export and import of local currency – no more than 5000 MXN. When entering Mexico, you must fill out a customs declaration form, which lists all the necessary items brought into the country. For personal use can bring no more than 400 cigarettes or 25 cigars or 200 grams of tobacco, 3 liters of spirits or wine, one camera, one camera and gifts not exceeding 300 USD. Prices on the page are for October 2018.
Medications must be accompanied by medical records or prescriptions verifying their necessity. Pets need a veterinary certificate of international example, drawn up a maximum of 5 days before arrival in Mexico, dogs and cats – also documents on vaccination against rabies.
Importation of fruits, vegetables and products from them, plants, cuttings and seeds, flowers, meat products, pornographic editions and psychotropic substances is forbidden. Local currency in the equivalent of more than 10,000 USD, antiques, precious metals, archaeological treasures, drugs, weapons, birds and rare animals as well as their stuffed animals and skins cannot be taken out of the country. There are no restrictions on the export of alcohol and tobacco.
Through an ergonomic service can pick up travel insurance in Mexico with the right parameters (including coverage for covid, zero deductible, etc.) and at the lowest price.
Making a single purchase of 1200 MXN and more (cash is limited to 3000 MXN, bank card is not limited), you can save up to 15% of VAT.
To do this you need to take a Tax Back receipt at the cash register or a special counter in the store, enter your personal data and show your passport, a copy of your immigration card, cash voucher and boarding pass to the customs officer at the airport. If the total value of the items purchased exceeds 5,000 MXN, they may be “insistently asked” to be inspected.
The due amount is refunded at Tax Back offices: half in cash, the other half by transfer to a bank card.
Mexico has an extensive network of domestic air travel. Not only the huge cities are connected by regular flights: popular resorts take up to 7 flights a day from Mexico City. “Aeromexico delivers from the capital to Cancun for 1480-4050 MXN in a single finish (travel time just over 2 hours), to Acapulco for 1161-4843 MXN (1 hour), to Monterrey for 2240-2500 MXN (1.5 hours).
Mexican railroads are less convenient for travelers. There are, in fact, a couple of tourist trains that run, for example, from Mexico City on the Chihuahua-Los Mochis line in the northwest (on the carrier’s website in English) or from Cancun deep into the Yucatan Peninsula to the Mayan cities, but the tickets are very expensive: from MXN 3300 in economy class.
But the country has excellent intercity bus service. Transportation is clean and ergonomic and runs on schedule. In addition, in many regions of Mexico is almost the only way to get anywhere.
A distinction is made between luxury buses (carrier ADO), first class and simple buses. Each region and destination is “patronized” by a private company. The fare depends on the distance, speed and comfort level: for example, a trip from Guadalajara to Acapulco costs from 1300 MXN in economy class to 1500 MXN in the premium cabin. Air conditioning, in most cases, is available in all buses.
Public transport in cities
Municipal buses (fare approximately 4 MXN) operate in all major cities and are a fairly ergonomic (although often crowded) mode of transportation. Tickets can be purchased at special kiosks or from the driver. Mexico City has a subway consisting of 12 lines, the fare is 5 MXN and tickets are sold at each station.
Another means of transportation in the capital is the metrobus: 4 lines that connect the center with the outskirts. The price of a ticket is 10 MXN top-up card and each trip costs 5 MXN. The Tren Ligero fast trains (4 MXN) and trolleybuses (2-5 MXN) are also popular.
During kids and rush hours, women ride the subway in special cars, separate from men.
In all tourist areas there are shuttle buses – “peseros”. The fare depends on the length of the trip, with an average fare of 5-10 MXN.
In Cancun and Acapulco, public transportation is excellent. There are buses going both ways almost all day with 2 to 3 60 second intervals, and the fare is 15 MXN. There is also a bus line between the cities of San Jose del Cabo and San Lucas (tickets are 65 MXN).
In the cities of Mexico, it is possible to travel by cab. The standard taxi fare is about 10-20 MXN per pickup plus 7 MXN for any kilometer, at night fares increase by 10%. Some cars do not have meters, so the price should be negotiated in advance. Those wishing to take a cab for the whole day enjoyment will cost 1,000-1,500 MXN.
Communications and Wi-Fi
The most famous mobile operators are Telcel, AT&T and Movistar. It is possible to connect at the providers’ offices, prepaid SIM cards cost from 50 MXN, recharge cards of 100-500 MXN are sold in supermarkets, newsstands and gas stations. Telcel subscribers talk to Russia costs from 20 MXN per 60 seconds.
International calls are also made from pay phones installed throughout Mexico that accept cards of 20-100 MXN.
Free Wi-Fi is available in some hotels, cafes and restaurants, and occasionally in parks and other public places. Access points for Telcel subscribers are widespread: by entering a password and your login, you can use the Internet without restrictions. Internet cafes are available in both metropolitan areas and remote regions, the connection is 30-40 MXN per hour.
Hotels in Mexico
Mexican hotel classification is not much different from the standard international: the “stars” are assigned by the same rules, but with the institutions of luxury it is a little more complicated. Apart from the usual 4-5*, there are luxury hotels with a mark Gran Turismo and hotels of special, the highest category. The first do every whim of the expensive guests: restaurants, stores, spas, golf courses – on the huge territories there is everything you need. Others place their bets on exclusivity: a personal island for diving or a mini-reserve – the most ambitious ideas are in the fight for guests.
The Mexican electricity grid voltage – 110 V, for sockets with flat sockets need adapters.
In Mexico City, a bed in a hostel costs from 105 MXN, a double room in the “three” – from 250 MXN, in an ergonomic “five” – from 1100 MXN per day. In the resort of Cancun is possible to rent an apartment for 400 MXN, a double room in a 4 * hotel for 550 MXN or a villa with a pool for 1500 MXN, that if money is tight – limited to a bed in a hostel for 190 MXN per day.
Any second, upbeat Acapulco invites you to “triplexes” for 450-500 MXN, beachfront resort hotels for 1000-3000 MXN and luxury vacation homes for 800-30 000 MXN per night.
The financial unit of the country is the Mexican peso (MXN). 1 peso has 100 centavos. Current exchange rate: (1 USD = 19.87 MXN, 1 EUR = 24.04 MXN).
It is possible to exchange currency upon arrival at the airport (we do not recommend doing so as the exchange rate is more often poor) or on the spot: at banks, hotels and special exchange offices with a sign “Casa de Cambio”. With a successful carrying of U.S. dollars U.S.: the exchange rate is adequate, and in some restaurants, stores and hotels they may also pay directly (without losing vigilance at the same time: the locals are eager to inflate the rate, in another case, and even cheated a tourist). It is better to have change in your pocket all the time: the change from large bills in public transport, cabs and private shops will not wait.
The unspoken prize for attentive service in the catering industry is 10-15% of the bill. Standard tips for porters, drivers and maids are MXN 20-38.
In cities and resorts rather a lot of ATMs, credit cards of the main payment systems are everywhere, as well as traveler’s checks (mainly in U.S. dollars). Unfortunately, fraud with credit cards is not uncommon, so before the trip is worth insuring the card against damage. The banks are open from Monday to Friday from 9:00 to 17:00 (there are branches till midnight), on Saturdays till 14:00 (in some places till 16:00). Sundays are mostly days off, but some branches in the resort areas are open till dawn.
No special vaccinations are needed when you visit Mexico, although prior vaccinations are possible for hepatitis and malaria prevention. In the country, you should use reasonable precautions: eat warm food, pasteurized milk, and bottled or boiled water.
In crowded places you should be worried about thieves, and to move around the city to use only officially registered cab (green cars are less reliable). To make women and children as safe as possible in metropolitan areas created the work of “pink cab”: at the wheel – only women, in the cabin – emergency call button rescuers, men are forbidden to enter.
Not far from shopping malls and hotels there are special tourist cabs whose drivers speak English and enjoy doing mini-excursions on the road.
Tourists are advised to travel by car, bus and train only during the day, and avoid the provincial areas. There is no need to take pictures of the locals without their permission: the native Mexicans honestly believe that in the picture remains a part of the human soul. Despite the fact that, if you pour a little coin in the appreciation, the belief could easily shake. Nature is not without its dangers: the searing tropical sun, high pollution and seismic activity in the air.
Smoking is not allowed in public places: the fine is 1,500-2,700 MXN.
Despite the government’s best efforts, the drug mafia is thriving in the country. The northern border states cause the most trouble: they regularly ship illicit substances into the United States. Ciudad Juarez in Chihuahua is surely one of the most criminal cities in the world: fights, shootings, kidnappings and other detective stories are everyday routine here. But in the southern states (Guerrero, Yucatán, Campeche, etc.) and popular resorts there is virtually nothing to worry about.
Beaches of Mexico
Mexican beaches are beautiful: soft sand of all kinds of shades, photogenic palm trees, the gentle waters of the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean – a dream come true. One of the most popular resorts – Cancun, whose coast is divided into long and small parts.
The first is known for excellent conditions and clean sea for surfing, the second is perfect for home recreation: nearby Isla Mujeres reliably protects against waves (by the way, on the “island of ladies” is only possible to swim in the crowded Playa Norte). Pearl Beach is known for its perfect cleanliness, Playa Linda – a wide palette of sports activities.
The best beach in the Yucatan Peninsula is Tulum with its rich and delightful scenery of underwater world, inexpensive to the naked eye.
The main resorts of the Riviera Maya – Playa del Carmen, equally beloved by wealthy tourists and dishevelled youth, and the island of Cosumel with a narrow but very beautiful coastal strip (on Paradise Beach – children’s play areas, on Palancar – the actual restaurant), a huge national park and coral reef.
In Acapulco on the shores of the Pacific Ocean, the beaches of Caleta, Caletilla and Pi de la Cuesta are notable. Excellently equipped Condesa is beloved by the LGBT community, and wild Revolcadero by desperate surfers.
Los Cabos is a paradise for lovers: you can reach Playa del Amor only by boat, and there you can enjoy the views of rocks and caves, the variety of coastal fauna and the pleasant company of each other. Puerto Vallarta’s most famous beaches are Los Muertos with its extraordinary sunsets, La Manzanilla and Destiladeras with its developed infrastructure and Conchas Chinas with its pristine nature.
In Mexico, besides this, the most timid, the laziest, the most far from extreme tourist must dive to the depths: such an abundance of underwater beauty – an invaluable gift of nature. The perfect diving season is from December to the end of March with mild, windless weather, but in general it is comfortable to dive all year round.
The average price for a couple of dives is 1,500-2,000 MXN including equipment.
Cult dive location – the island of Cosumel: except that the strong currents do not stop wishing to look at the colorful corals (the local reef – the second largest in the world), turtles, rays, crabs and other curiosities. A veritable underwater garden has blossomed off Playa del Carmen that even inexperienced swimmers can enjoy. Akumal is home to turtles, morays, bull sharks and barracudas, Mama Vina Rack is a coral-covered shrimp-fishing schooner sunk specifically for divers.
Particularly popular are dives in the cenotes – natural cavities that appeared after the destruction of limestone cave vaults on the Yucatan Peninsula.
Lost in the jungle Angelita reservoir as if plunged into a mystical fog swirling at the junction of salt and fresh water at a depth of 30 meters. Collectively, Dos Ojos has as many as 25 cenotes, made famous by the documentary Journey to Uncommon Caves. Dreamgate is full of bizarre natural sculptures and the vaults of Shkanche are twisted with long vines.
Mexico is a “must-do” and “must-return” spot on any self-respecting surfer’s map with breathtaking waves.
One of the most famous places for their taming – the resort town of Puerto Escondido, which each year hosting a respectable international championship surfing. Secluded coves surrounded by mountains, 2-4-meter waves, stores and coastal restaurants with gear are the complete package for a rich leisure experience. The fall and spring months are the optimal time for skilled athletes, summer and winter are the time for beginners.
The most beautiful place off the coast of Los Cabos is the arch of Cabo San Lucas, as if cast in pure gold in the rays of the pre-sunset sun. In the evenings there are SUP surfers, aka paddleboarders, armed with an oar and a board.
The village of Sayulita, 1.5 hours from Puerto Vallarta, is tucked away in a beautiful bay, attacked by the most impressive waves from November to April.
The resort of Huatulco in Oaxaca is girdled by the peaks of the Sierra Madre, with beaches lined with foamy ridges of varying heights on the rocky shore. The pros come to me from June through November: the strong winds create the perfect conditions to practice acrobatic tricks.
Mexican Restaurants and Cuisine
Mexican cuisine is more of a motley mix of regional gastronomic traditions than a single set of dishes. In the northern part of the country, goat and beef are the main components of the meal, and the method of making them resembles the American one – much more often barbecue.
In central Mexico, everything revolves around corn, beans and spices (which, however, does not displace meat at all) – in the form of tortillas, various stews and casseroles. The southern part of the country is fanatical about chicken and spicy vegetable dishes – it can be easily explained by the influence of Caribbean cuisine, and the coast is full of seafood and fish.
The whole population equally adores hot chili peppers, which are added to virtually all dishes.
In most cases, the national dishes cannot do without three simple components: tortillas (corn tortillas), hot peppers and chili beans. Popular dishes include “olla podrida” (goulash), “carne asado” (fried beef with bean garnish), and fragrant “tamales” (steamed pieces of corn dough wrapped in a page of corn on the cob and doused with sauce). Spoiled with papaya, mango and chayote, Mexicans revere pieces of fried sugar cane – “canas asadas” – as the greatest delicacy.
As for spirits, the country is truly renowned for tequila, of which there are over 300 types (only 4 are officially approved: Blanco, Joven, Reposado and Anejo). Other Mexican wines (mostly made according to European specifications), Don Pedro brandy and Corona beer are also popular. Popular non-alcoholic drinks are “horchata” based on rice flour, chilled tea from hibiscus “agua de jamaica”, thick warm chocolate “champurado”. Good coffee is made in the south of the country.
A funny fact: the Mexicans themselves, who have been serving tequila to mankind for decades, do not drink it with salt and lime according to the “lick it – tip it – snack” scheme. No, the real muchachos have it easier: from the throat, without a snack, in the best case with a spicy tomato juice or beer. As for the “lime and salt method,” there are two main assumptions for its appearance. The first is an advertising ploy, thanks to which the tequila purveyors successfully pushed the hitherto unknown agave moonshine into the global market, making it a topical drink.
The second version, a medical one, has to do with the flu epidemic in Mexico in the 20s of the 20th century. Allegedly, due to the fact that with other aspirin and antibiotics in the country at that time was a scarcity, doctors prescribed tequila with salt and lime juice: salt – to compensate for the leaking later, and lime was a natural antiseptic.
Most Mexican restaurants specialize in good food, masterfully combining all the above (and not only) ingredients, treats and drinks on the menu.
Seafood in a variety of variations is served in “marisquerias,” the smells of freshly baked goods lure you into the bakeries. Bistros that update the assortment with the seasons are in vogue: vegetables and fruits from the beds, meat recently grazed on farms, fish from the sea-ocean – right to the table.
Good fast food is slowly giving way to fast-food joints. In megacities and resorts, Thai, Italian, French, American, and Japanese restaurants are open.
Attractions and Entertainment
The main secret to Mexico’s success as a tourist destination is that there are ultimately two. One – a five-star hotel, beach-sun and entertainment-decorative – is inexpensive in all the popular resorts in the country and is especially loved by “touristos americanos,” where the latter in addition to this more than the Germans on the Turkish beaches.
But “Mexico number 2”. – is unearthly pyramids of Teotihuacan, Indian colonial Oaxaca, a beautiful Ushmal and many other places directly related to the mysterious Mayan civilization dissolved over the centuries. Perhaps the southern tan from a trip to the ancient monuments of the country and will not bring, but the impression of a trip certainly will last longer than a black shade of skin.
In the Mexican city of Guanajuato is mummy museum, the exhibition which consists of the bodies of people mummified naturally.
Teotihuacan (“The place where the Almighty is born”) – still not clear at the time when the first people began to settle here and why the city was abandoned, but its architectural monuments are amazing.
The pyramids of Teotihuacan are located about 40 km. north-east of the capital, Mexico City. Tasco, a beautiful mountain town protected by UNESCO as a monument of global culture, has retained its colonial-era building and layout with conventional houses and cobblestone streets.
Southeast of Mexico City, in Cholula, are the ruins of an enormous “pyramid-matrix” lined with huge stone slabs covered with ornate carvings.
Puebla is situated about 100 kilometers east of Mexico City, at the foot of the volcano Popocatepetl, and was founded in 1531. There are such outstanding religious buildings as the Cathedral of the 16th-17th centuries, beautiful structures like the old Bishop’s Palace, and many houses with walls tiled with colored tiles – “azulejos”.
Oaxaca is situated in the southeast of Mexico and is the capital of the state of the same name. The city was founded in 1532 by the Spanish settlers who came after Hernan Cortez. The special charm of Oaxaca is in the combination of Indian colonial splendor and tradition. It is also known for creating a special kind of tequila – “Mescal”.
Monte Alban is the ritual center of three civilizations. Populated for more than 1.5 thousand years by successive peoples – the Olmecs, Zapotecs and Mixtecs – the Monte Alban complex, with its terraces, dams, canals, artificial hills and pyramids, was virtually carved out of the mountains, becoming a masterpiece of sacred topography. The Yucatan Peninsula is the cradle of the Mayan civilization and the center of a huge number of archaeological monuments.
KidZania is a replica of a real town for kids. It includes buildings, shops, city and theater transportation. Little guests can spend a whole day here, choosing any of the 70 professions.
Ushmal (“Lined Three Times”) is another responsible Mayan ceremonial center on the Yucatan. Local monuments of history are easily numerous – the Great Pyramid, the Pyramid of the Sorcerer (“House of the Dwarf”) 38 m high, the structure of the palace of the governor with his famous “throne of the two-headed jaguar,” the Temple of the phallus, the House of turtles, the quadrangle of the Pyramid Monastery and the monks of the old sorceress.
Palenque is a historical secret of the country. This recognizable Mayan city is located in the mountain jungle and is surrounded on all sides by tropical vegetation. Its more than 1,400 superbly preserved structures cover an area four times the size of any known Mayan city.
Merida is the capital of the state of Yucatan. The city was founded in 1542 on the ruins of one of the Mayan cities. Merida is famous for one of the best good markets in Mexico. So you can buy any type of hammock you like (homemade, doubles, singles, colored and plain white), all of which are of excellent quality.
Chichen Itza – this holy place was one of the greatest centers of the Maya on the Yucatan Peninsula. Over the course of about a thousand years of history, different peoples have left a personal mark in the form of the city. The Maya, Toltec and Itza ideas about the universe and the world were reflected in artistic works and stone monuments.
Monday, in most cases, is a day off in all theaters, sites and museums of archaeological excavations.
Events and Holidays
A separate excuse to travel to Mexico is the endless festivals and holidays. New Year’s Eve in Mexico is celebrated in splendor, with bells ringing, fireworks, and the obligatory smashing and colorful processions of the piñata, a hollow papier-mache vessel filled with sweets, holiday tinsel, and fruit. The main national dates are Constitution Days (the first Monday in February), Victory Days of the Battle of Pueblo on May 5, Independence Day of the 16th Revolution and September Day on November 20.
Feb. 24 is Flag Days. According to legend, the eagle depicted on it indicated to the ancient Aztecs the place where the first city was built, as ordained by the Almighty Huitzilopochtli.
The most famous Mexican holiday is the Days of the Dead on November 1: a tribute to the deceased ancestors and at the same time an ode to fate, optimism and beauty. February’s carnival is similar in scale to the legendary Mardi Gras: people stroll the streets wearing masks, dancing, singing, competing in contests and getting full before Lent.
In July, the state of Oaxaca hosts Gelageca in honor of the indigenous inhabitants: Ukrainians in good costumes, plays, queen elections, and tequila rivers. November 22 is the Days of St. Cecilia, the patron saint of the mariachis: languid musicians in sombreros play in Garibaldi Square. And on December 25 is the beloved Christmas with theatricals with biblical motifs, gifts and warm meals.
Where is Mexico located
Is Mexico part of Spain?
Whats Mexico known for
Why is Mexico the best place to visit
There are attractions everywhere. However, the tourist is simply physically unable to even superficially get acquainted with all the outstanding sights. Therefore we decided to choose five of the most striking of them, without getting to know them a trip to Mexico can not be considered valid.
A UNESCO World Heritage Site. The mysterious ritual pyramids of Teotihuacan and the mystical landscapes are familiar to many as they were the natural setting for a number of sensational Hollywood film productions. However, what you can see on the screen does not convey the inner power of this city and its unique buildings, which, fortunately, are very well preserved. Ancient Teotihuacan is very convenient for visiting tourists, as it is only 45 km from the Mexican capital.
Teotihuacan was the oldest religious capital of Mexico, the name translated as City of the Gods, which reached its peak of development a thousand years before the powerful Aztec civilization. Scientists have not yet been able to find an answer to the question of who built this most mysterious of all ancient cities on Earth. Teotihuacan affects its special beauty: a dozen pyramidal temples are spread out in a valley bordered by blue hills. Just look at the 5-kilometer street or the Road of Death and the Pyramids of the Sun and the Moon, the Temple of the Feathered Serpent is also striking in its scale and fantastic ornaments. It is hard to imagine that Teotihuacan during its heyday was inhabited by at least a hundred thousand people.
This ancient town, also a UNESCO World Heritage Site, belongs to the Mayan civilization and is located in the northern part of the Yucatan Peninsula in what is known as the Low Hill Country of Puuc. There are amazingly preserved architectural attributes of this civilization. We are talking about the Palace of the Ruler and the House of the Magician, also called the House of the Midget. In addition, in the city Ushmal there are such unusual monuments of architecture, such as the House of Turtles, as well as the Women’s Monastery. Until now, for unknown reasons, life in this city stopped abruptly five centuries before the discovery of America by Europeans.
The most amazing structure of the ancient city of Ushmal is the House or Pyramid of the Wizard. According to Mayan legend, this building was erected in just one night by a certain dwarf wizard. In fact, the house of the Wizard is a 36-meter pyramid, on top of which is a temple. The most amazing thing is that inside this pyramid is another, more ancient one.
This is another ancient city in Mexico, and without getting to know it, it is difficult to build a complete picture of the country. Chichen Itza also belongs to the Mayan civilization and dates back to the 6th-7th century AD, when it was at its peak. Three centuries later Chichen Itza, in its decline, was subjugated by a tribe of warlike Toltecs and their god-chief Quetzalcoatl, whom the Mayans called Cuculcán. It is to him that the main temple of Chichen Itza is dedicated. This pyramid temple reveals to us the ancient knowledge of the Maya, especially their calendar.
Like the pyramids of Ancient Ushmal, the pyramids of Chichen Itza have “stuffing”. Inside Kukulkan is a smaller pyramid, the main place of which is a throne in the shape of a jaguar figure. Scientists have not yet been able to unravel the purpose of both this small inner pyramid and the throne itself. The real pilgrimage of tourists to Chichen Itza happens during the days of spring and autumn equinox, when exactly at 17:15 the rays of the sun, refracting on the top of the pyramid of Kukulkan, create amazing pictures and images.
Whoever has not seen Coyoacán has not seen Mexico City. And this statement is absolutely true: Coyoacán is not only the oldest, but also the most bohemian and tranquil neighborhood in the Mexican capital. Its cozy streets retain the atmosphere of the colonial era: one- or two-story buildings, drowned in lush flowering plants. It is in this neighborhood is the home museum of the famous Mexican artist Frida Kahlo.
Today Coyoacán is an area of the rich and famous, where you can easily meet famous stars not only of show business and the film industry of Latin America, but also Hollywood in the street or in a cafe.
San Cristóbal de Las Casas
If Coyocán is an old town in a modern metropolis, San Cristóbal de Las Casas is a Catholic town that has uniquely preserved all the architectural attributes of the colonial era and is one of the Magic Cities of Mexico.
Tourists must overcome a perilous, multi-kilometer serpentine road to reach this realm of beauty located in the Valle de Jovel Valley. The first written mention of this town dates back to 1528, although before the conquistadors, these territories were inhabited by different tribes of the Maya civilization since ancient times.
For tourists it is a Klondike, as there is a great variety of souvenir shops and boutiques, where you can buy both stylized ancient souvenirs and real relics.