Perth is the largest city and capital of the state of Western Australia, located in southwestern Australia on the shores of the Indian Ocean. Its population is 1.658 million (2010). Perth is the fourth most populous city in Australia after Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane. About 75% of the population of the entire state of Western Australia live in Perth. Coordinates: 31°57′11″ S. 115°51′32″ E. Time zone: UTC+8, summer UTC+9.
Map of Perth
History of Perth
Before the arrival of Europeans, the land of the present city was inhabited by the Nungars. When Europeans first encountered the local aborigines, they called these territories Burlu. In 1697, Captain Willem D’Vlaming’s team was the first to set foot on these lands.
Perth was founded in June 1829 by James Stirling. From its founding to the present day, the city has shown a steady trend toward development. In 1962, Perth was nicknamed the “City of Lights” because all residents turned on their lights when the Friendship 7 spacecraft flew over them. In the ’60s, large deposits of gold were discovered, giving the city’s economy a boost.
Perth is a major port on the west coast of the continent. It is also an important railroad hub. The city is home to a cement factory, an oil refinery and a shipyard, as well as textile, food and chemical industries. According to statistics in 2010, Perth ranked eighth in the list of the best cities to live in.
The city has two airports. Public transportation includes: buses, streetcars and ferries.
Attractions of Perth
A popular place is the Western Australian Gallery of Fine Arts where you can admire not only the works of modern masters, but also drawings of Aboriginal people.
The Museum of Western Australia takes you on a journey through the state’s nature, history and Aboriginal people.
Fremantle Port is 19 km from the city and has the Maritime Museum, Fremantle Fine Arts Center, Fremantle Dungeon, and the Roundhouse.