The biggest cities in Haiti

Most cities in Haiti were created during the French colonial era or just after independence.

These cities play important economic, administrative, historical, and cultural functions in the country because of their importance both in early times and today.

Cities have experienced slow growth due to political instability, natural disasters such as hurricanes and earthquakes, and outbreaks of disease.

Poor government administrative policies have also contributed to the slow and inconsistent growth of these cities, as most of the population remains unemployed.

The biggest cities in Haiti


Port-au-Prince is Haiti’s most populous and metropolitan city. The city was founded in 1749. The city served as a colonial center for the French in 1770. The Spanish established a protectorate in the city in the 16th century, but they later left the city in 1606, leaving it in poverty. The city was an important trading post for Dutch merchants because they purchased leather from wild animals. The population of Port-au-Prince is 987,310. The city is an important commercial center, making it the largest economic center in Haiti and the seat of the national government. The city also serves an important cultural function because of the presence of the National Museum. Problems such as unemployment and housing shortages leading to slums are familiar to Port-au-Prince residents. Some buildings in the city were destroyed in the 2010 earthquake.


Carrefour is a commune in the Port-au-Prince metropolitan area and the second most populous city in Haiti with a population of 511,345. The town has served as an important tourist stop because of its beautiful natural landscape and warm and welcoming locals. The city now serves as a residential area for most people working in Port-au-Prince. The city suffers from poverty, as most residents are low-income, and political instability. The underdeveloped city was also affected by the 2010 earthquake.


Delmas is also a commune in Port-au-Prince and Haiti’s third most populous city with a population of 395,260. Delmas is the richest county in Haiti because of increased tax revenues. Delmas is an important transportation center with two major roads running through it. Roads include the AutoRoute de Delmas and Boulevard de Louverture. Other transportation facilities include the Toussaint Louverture International Airport. Like other cities in Haiti, Delmas was affected by the 2010 earthquake, with several buildings damaged and fatalities.


Pétionville, a commune of Port-au-Prince, is the fourth most populous city in Haiti with a population of 376,834. The city was founded in 1831. The city serves as an important tourist destination in Haiti as well as a residential and commercial center with large businesses founded by wealthy citizens, foreign investors, and diplomats.
The city faces problems of poor governance and slum formation. The city is an important entertainment and recreational center with nightclubs, restaurants, lounges, and gyms. The city was affected by the 2010 earthquake that led to the destruction of the hospital.

Challenges facing cities in Haiti

Haiti’s cities, including Gonaïves, Port de Paix, Cité-Haïtien, Saint-Marc and Croix de Bouc, face a common problem of poverty due to underemployment and unemployment, leading to slum development, poor access to social amenities and political instability.

What is the largest city in Haiti?

Port-au-Prince is Haiti’s most populous and metropolitan city with a population of 2.3 million.

RankThe biggest cities in HaitiPopulation of the city
7Cité Soleil265072
10Croix de Bouquets227012
The biggest cities in Haiti

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